In the early 50's, Kuala Lumpur experienced congestion as a result of a rapid population growth and squatters existing in the outskirts of Kuala Lumpur. To overcome this problem, the State Government identified "Effingham Estate", a 1,200-acre rubber plantation in Jalan Klang Lama to create a new settlement known as Petaling Jaya.

The party entrusted to govern the new settlement was the District Officer of Kuala Lumpur and Petaling Jaya Board before being taken over by a statutory body, namely Petaling Jaya Authority at the end of 1954. 

Petaling Jaya made history on 1 January 1964 when the Selangor State gazetted a Township Board with financial autonomy to govern the city.

On 1 January 1977, Petaling Jaya Town Authority was upgraded to Petaling Jaya Municipal Council (MPPJ), pursuant to the Local Government Act 1976 by the government. On 20 June 2006, Petaling Jaya Municipal Council was upgraded as Petaling Jaya City Council.

Now, the administrative area of MBPJ is 97.2 square kilometres which is rapidly growing. Petaling Jaya has a total population of over 619,925 people and the number of property holding of 217,930. Petaling Jaya is now known as the leading growth centre in Selangor.

The Administrative Council consists of 25 Council members led by a mayor. Council members are appointed by the Selangor State Executive Council. The Mayor is an officer of the Federal Government appointed by the state administration after obtaining the consent of the Menteri Besar. A mayor works full time, assisted by a Deputy Mayor and Head of the Departments in setting and implementing the vision, mission, quality policy, objectives and activities of the Council. The Council approved a Council legislation draft and forming policies to be implemented by the departments.